The site came to prominence in the early 20th century when it was excavated and restored by a team led by British archaeologist Arthur Evans.
The chronology of the palace is a matter of scholarly debate.
: “Among their cities is the great city of Cnosus, where Minos reigned when nine years old, he that held converse with great Zeus.” King Minos, famous for his wisdom and, later, one of the three judges of the dead in the underworld, would give his name to the people of Knossos and, by extension, the ancient civilization of Crete: Minoan.
The settlement was established well before 2000 BCE and was destroyed, most likely by fire (though some claim a tsunami) c. Knossos has been identified with Plato’s mythical Atlantis from his dialogues of the and is also known in myth most famously through the story of Theseus and the Minotaur.
Built by a civilization that we call the Minoans, it covers about 150,000 square feet (14,000 square meters) of space, the size of more than two American football fields, and was surrounded by a town in antiquity.Here he already realised there were two different scripts, an earlier one which he labelled A, and a later one which he labelled B.Minoan Linear A remains undeciphered, but Linear B was more tractable: tablets continued to be discovered, but unfortunately Evans sat on the subsequent discoveries and did not publish them, hoping to publish them in a second volume when he had deciphered the language Then in 1939 the American archaeologist Carl Blegen, excavating on the mainland of Greece at Pylos, discovered more tablets there, and it was clear that the script was used extensively on the mainland of Greece too and could well be Mycenaean rather than Minoan.Four wings are arranged around a central courtyard, containing the royal quarters, workshops, shrines, storerooms, repositories, the throne room and banquet halls. It is strongly religious in character and might have been the residence of an aristocrat or a high priest.